Cairo History

Cairo's History

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Cairo: History Roman Cairo Memphis to Babylon The city called Cairo (from the Arabic al-Qahira, 'the Victorious') was not founded until the Fatimid period (969-1171AD). However, this strategic site at the apex of the Nile Delta was settled from the earliest stages of Egypt's history. During the Old Kingdom the capital city of Memphis flourished to the south of modern Cairo; as late as the fifth century BC the Greek historian Herodotus described Memphis as a 'prosperous city and cosmopolitan center, even if it had lost its capital status to Thebes, and later to the Delta towns of Pre-Ramses and Tanis. After the foundation of Alexandria in 332 BC, Memphis went into economic decline, and its religious status was lost after the Emperor Theodosius (379-95 AD) promoted Christianity to the state religion of the entire Roman world. A town still existed in the vicinity of modern Cairo at the time of the Arab conquest in 641 AD, but its size and position are debatable. The site of Memphis is now deeply covered by silt